International Environmental Agreements Australia

International Environmental Agreements Australia: The Country`s Commitment to a Sustainable Future

Australia is a country that is famous for its diverse wildlife, stunning landscapes, and beautiful beaches. Unfortunately, the country`s natural beauty and resources are under threat due to issues like climate change, pollution, and environmental degradation. To address these challenges, international environmental agreements have been established to promote sustainable development and protect the environment. In this article, we will explore the different international environmental agreements Australia has entered into and the country`s commitment to a sustainable future.

The Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a landmark environmental agreement that aims to limit global warming to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Australia was one of the 195 countries that committed to the Paris Agreement in 2015. Under the agreement, Australia pledged to reduce carbon emissions by between 26% and 28% by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. The country also agreed to achieve net-zero emissions as soon as possible in the second half of the century.

The Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Australia ratified the agreement in 2007, committing to reduce its emissions by 5% below 2000 levels by 2012. However, in 2011, Australia withdrew from the protocol due to concerns that it would negatively impact the country`s economy.

The Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty that aims to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of substances that deplete it. Australia was one of the first countries to ratify the protocol in 1989. As a result, the country has implemented measures to phase out hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and other ozone-depleting substances.

The Ramsar Convention

The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty that aims to protect wetlands and their biodiversity. Australia has designated 66 Wetlands of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention, covering an area of over 8 million hectares. These wetlands are critical habitats for migratory birds, fish, and other wildlife.


Australia`s commitment to international environmental agreements demonstrates its dedication to protecting the environment and promoting sustainable development. While the country faces various environmental challenges, it has taken significant steps to mitigate their impact and contribute to global efforts to address environmental issues. As Australia continues to implement measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect biodiversity, and promote sustainable development, it is clear that the country is committed to a sustainable future for generations to come.

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